Appeared in the late 19th century it was at this time that Russia experienced rapid economic and cultural development. In society began to show interest in Russian culture and art. In this regard, a whole artistic direction emergedthe “Russian style”, which united many famous Russian artists. They were looking for a style where the Russian national identity would be revived. One of the centers for the revival of Russian culture was the Mammoth circle. It was there that our nesting dolls were born.

The best Horizons

In order to broaden the horizons of the toy masters in the workshop they wrote out samples of toys from different countries of the world. Especially fashionable was the art of the countries of the East, in particular Japan. That is why in the late 90s of the 19th century, toli from Paris, toli from the island of Honshu, a figure of the Buddhist sage Fukurum was brought to the Mamontov estate. Inside it was invested one more in the other six smaller figures. Fukurumu is the deity of happiness and longevity, and the five figures inside are gods of lower rank. True, the story of the origin of our nesting dolls from the Japanese god Fukuruma is only one of the versions. According to another version, the brownnesting dolls are a modified Easter egg-pysanka. Such detachable painted eggs have long been popular in Russia.

The first Russian nesting dolls was a chubby peasant girl in an embroidered shirt, sundress and apron, in a flowery scarf, holding a black rooster in her hands. The real nesting doll- exclaimed someone when he saw the doll. So the doll was nicknamed Matryona, and affectionately Matryosh, Nesting dolls with a rooster. The name Matryona was very popular among the Russian people. They say that was the name of a servant who served tea at Abramtsevo evenings and looked like a chubby nesting dolls.

  • And in the first Matryona a whole family also settled; One young lady with a rooster, the other with a sickle, the next with a loaf of bread and then the brother in a painted shirt. The whole family is friendly and hardworking.

The first brown nesting dolls were eight. Painted in gouache, it was not as bright and elegant as modern nesting dolls, but immediately gained popularity. In 1900, at the World Exhibition in Paris, the nesting dolls received a bronze medal and world recognition.The center of manufacturing nesting dolls became the city of Sergiev-Posad, Moscow Region.

Types of dolls

SergievPosad differed initially restraint. Painted dolls without prior preparation of gouache. The features of the nesting dolls were strict, because they were created by monastic masters who painted icons.

In 1922, the turner A. F. Maiorov brought nesting dolls from the Nizhny Novgorod fair to his village Merinovo (Nizhny Novgorod region). At home, he tried to carve the same, and his daughters began to paint the nesting dolls.

Then the initiative of the Mayorov family was picked up by other villagers, and behind them the neighbors from the neighboring villages of the Semenovskiy district of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The rosy nesting dolls got to Semenov itself. Soon the wooden painted doll became the most popular production of masters of the whole Nizhny Novgorod (then Gorky) region.

  • Only Semenov nesting dolls was no longer like SergievPosad. Semenov masters made the doll more fun, more loaded. In accordance with their own traditions, the craftsmen left on the nesting dolls more unpainted wood. Painted nesting dolls no longer gouache, and aniline paints.In general, artists use only three colorsred, blue and yellow.
  • Nesting dolls are all different. One is long, the other is round. One spit to the waist, the otherfashionable haircut. And the faces of all nested dolls are different. Not only the appearance of the traditional nesting dolls, but also the painting technique itself, changed the craftswomen. Along with aniline dyes, they began to use oily. They can draw an oil chamomile next to the aniline rose.
  • Created and special equipment purely oil. The surface of the tree is covered with a layer of whitewash with a colored pigment added to them, and the oil painting lies on this oil background.

The most northern of the nesting dolls is Vyatka. She portrays a blue-eyed northerner with a soft, shy smile. The face of the dolls is cute and affable. Residents of Vyatka and the surrounding villages have long been engaged in the production of toys. Vyatka nesting dolls appeared in the 30s, but the Vyatka wooden doll received a special originality in the 60s. It was then that the nesting dolls was not only painted with aniline dyes, but also encrusted with straw.For inlays, rye straw is used, which is grown in special areas and carefully cut with a sickle manually.

They have their own secrets of making nesting dolls and masters of Tver. They feel in this souvenir the soul of Russia and with trepidation belong to its creation, wanting to convey to people the warmth of their soul and the mastery of their hands. Nesting dolls carved from wood and painted by hand artists. Each doll is an author’s work. These nesting dolls are characterized by painting with gold and silver ornaments.

Nowadays, the nesting dolls doll, made not in this or that style, but authors, made by an individual artist, has become more interesting. Modern matryoshchechny artists first of all turned to the traditions of the first Russian painted dolls. Various versions of a Russian peasant girl dressed in folk clothes appeared. Fantasies of modern artists have no boundaries. The traditional type of SergievPosadnesting dolls holding some object in its hand has now been replenished with numerous variants of nesting dollssgirls, women with baskets of fruit, samovars, and plots. Increasingly, you can find nesting dolls, painted under the “Gzhel”, “Zhostovo”, “Palekh”. In the 1990s, dolls depicting famous politicians were popular.

Identify current trends.

Nesting dolls is a happy toy. Interest in it has always remained, despite the political regimes and the change of economic models. Appearing just over a hundred years ago, the nesting dolls became a true symbol of Russia. She is known and loved not only in our country, but also abroad. You can find more varieties of  nesting dolls at nestingdolls.co

In the Russian nesting dolls, in its form and decor reflected folk ideas about the world, goodness, beauty. At the same time, the creative energy of the Russian people, its ways to create expressive images by simple means, were manifested in it. That is why the nesting dollsis regarded as a symbol of Russian art.Cutting boards, aprons, key rings and magnets, bags, boxes of chocolates and fountain pens with pictures of dolls speak of its great popularity.

Until now, craftsmen matryoshchechniki compete with each otherwhich will create nesting dolls more and more beautiful. Foreign masters are also trying to create their own nesting dolls. But still, the nesting dolls remain a Russian symbol, possessing something inexplicable, attracting more than bright aniline dyes.

When many people decide to “get fit,” they assume it involves rigorous activity. But you don’t have to spend hours in a gym to be physically active. People can get in shape by performing everyday activities in the home. Every time you and your child throw a softball, swim a lap, climb a flight of stairs, walk to the store, or carry packages, your health and fitness levels are improving.

When someone is physically fit, she feels and looks better, and she stays healthier. The earlier a child starts getting in shape, the more she’ll reduce her risk of numerous illnesses. Here are some of the benefits that physical activity offers your child:

1. It strengthens the heart. The heart is a muscle. Like other muscles, its performance improves when it’s regularly challenged by exercise. The heart responds to exercise by becoming stronger and more efficient. Strengthening the heart muscle can help ward off heart disease — the leading cause of death in the United States, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services — even in early childhood.

2. It helps keep arteries and veins clear. Exercise reduces the amount of harmful cholesterol and fats in a person’s blood. It increases the flexibility of the walls of blood vessels, and helps to lower blood pressure. This can reduce a person’s risk for heart attack and stroke.

3. It strengthens the lungs. Working hard increases lung capacity, and their efficiency in moving air in and out of the body. As a result, more oxygen is drawn into the body and more carbon dioxide and other waste gases are expelled. Regular exercise helps prevent the decline in oxygen intake that occurs naturally with age or as a result of inactivity.

4. It reduces blood sugar levels. Exercise prevents sugar from accumulating in the blood by triggering muscles to take up more glucose from the bloodstream and use it for energy. This can reduce a person’s risk of developing diabetes.

5. It controls weight. When a person is sedentary, he tends to be taking in more calories than are needed. These unused calories accumulate as fat. A person who is physically active may have a deficit of calories, which takes fat away and lowers weight. Lowered weight is good for the heart and can be beneficial in people with diabetes.

6. It strengthens bones. Just as muscles grow stronger when physically stressed, bones also respond by getting stronger. Exercise increases bone density, which helps prevent osteoporosis, a condition in which bones lose density, weaken, and become porous and fragile.

7. It helps prevent cancer. People who exercise regularly have lower incidences of cancer. The cancers most affected include colon, prostate, uterine, and breast cancers.

8. It regulates blood pressure. Exercise has been shown to reduce stress levels. As the levels of stress in a person’s body subsides, his blood pressure and his risk for heart disease decline.

9. It improves energy levels. Regular exercise often makes people feel more energetic, allows them to be more active, and reduces the likelihood that they’ll tire during the day.

10. It enhances emotional well-being. Most people report that they feel calm and have a sense of well-being after they exercise. Exercise, according to one theory, releases beta-endorphin, a natural substance in the body that is hundreds of times more potent than morphine. Another theory points to serotonin as the cause of the exercise high. Increased levels of serotonin in the central nervous system are associated with feelings of well-being, heightening of appetite, and lessening of mental depression. The weight loss that accompanies exercise can also cause people to feel better about themselves.

A squishy toy is any toy that you can squeeze or squish. Hence the name. However, that doesn’t really explain what a squishy is, does it?

 

Squishies are usually small toys. They can come in different shapes, sizes, and designs. Their main trait is, of course, their squeezability, so to say. You can squeeze them while applying very little force. Don’t worry, they will revert to their original form as soon as you stop applying pressure.

 

Depending on the material the manufacturer uses to make them, squishies can be very soft or a bit denser.

 

What material do they use

 

While on the subject of material, most manufacturers use Polyurethane, or PU, for short. That’s the same material that aircraft engineers use for airplane wheels, for example. It’s also the main ingredient of density foam, memory foam, and cushion foam. However, some squishies are made from different types of polyurethane. Hence, they are more or less soft, and their texture can vary.

If your priority is the speed with which the toy reverts to the original state after you squeeze it, you might be happiest with a sponge squishies. If you prefer this process to be slower, however, choose the foam squishies.

 

Where do they come from?

 

Japan, of course. Just like most of the other adorable toys that are trending, squishies come from the land of cuteness. Their original name is Kawaii squishies. Kawaii means “cute” or “adorable” in Japanese. Squishies were invented over 30 years ago, but have gained popularity outside of Japan just recently.

 

Typically, the design of the squishies is related to Japanese pop culture. That is why anime character squishies are among the most popular squishies. However, animals, food, snacks, and emojis are also a popular choice.

 

Different types of squishies

Just like their name suggests, anything cute can become a squishy design. That means that there is a massive variety of squishies out there. But, squishies don’t vary just in shape, but in size as well. You can get them in super jumbo, jumbo, regular, and mini size.

 

Food-related squishies are amongst the most popular types. They can be some regular items, like a popcorn bag, a coffee cup, bread or a cookie. However, they can be more obscure and detailed than that, as well. So, you can get a panda cookie squishy, for instance. Japanese and Asian snacks, like dumplings and Onigiri, are also very popular.

 

Animal squishies are just as popular. Pandas, cats, and puppies are the most favorite options.

 

Mythical and magical squishies like unicorn and dragon squishies are maybe even more popular with adults than with children. They are very diverse, and the designs are usually very colorful.

 

Character squishies are the most popular option for adults. They help you express your interests, and range from the usual Hello Kitty squishies to other, less famous cartoon, anime and TV show characters.

 

Squishies can also be accessories. You can attach them to your bag or phone. Furthermore, you can get them in the form of phone cases. Now, these squishies are not only cute and fun, but they can also cushion the blow when your phone falls to the ground.

 

Finally, squishies are excellent stress relievers. They are also great for anxiety attacks. The repetitive motion of squeezing can help you get rid of excess energy. The pleasant texture of the squishies will help you to focus and increase your productivity as well.

 

 

 

 

If you’re dreaming of the next great adventure, a trip that pushes both borders and boundaries: look no further. Whether it’s deep meditation or deep-sea diving, adventure travel stretches you mentally and physically. It asks you to climb mountains, talk to strangers, and wade through treacherous waters in pursuit of fun, learning, and the story of a lifetime. The types of adventures available were already out-of-this-world, but like a fine wine, they’re getting even better with the years!

What is adventure travel, anyway?

Adventure travel is the sriracha of globetrotting. It’s the kick in your trip, the snap in your step – all the fun of travel with an extra side of ADRENALINE RUSH. Adventure travel programs are a unique way to discover new landscapes and cultures through immersion, education, and plenty of wild rides. For newcomers to the scene, this is a great intro guide to the many types of adventure travel. For seasoned adventure travelers, it’s a hearty helping of inspiration for the next expedition.

10 awesome types of adventures for 2018-2019

1. Safari

Is there anything like being within arms reach of a lion to prickle your senses and make you feel alive? Take a walk on the wild side. Channel your inner Indiana Jones with an adventure travel program unlike anything you’ve ever done before. Safari travelers can expect plenty of hair-raising, tail-spinning sights in unlikely destinations.

Recommended safari adventure travel programs:

Nullarbor Traveller
Enkosini Eco Experience

2. Yoga

Not all types of adventures involve death-defying antics. In fact, some of the most challenging adventures are within – the search for a soul at peace is a true internal Odyssey. Greet the sun, breath deeply, reach your toes into the Earth, and bring yourself to heart center. Yoga adventure travel programs are a great way to get to know yourself and explore a foreign environment at the same time.

Recommended yoga adventure travel programs:

Mente Argentina
Tico Lingo

3. Summer camps

“That one time at band camp” became a cliche for a reason: because summer camp is the ultimate source of absurd and wonderful adventures – the kind you can embarrass your grandchildren with for decades to come. Count on plenty of crafting with natural materials, group hiking, and schmoozing with co-eds on your summer camp adventure travel program. The campfire songs and s’mores at the end of each night are just the icing on the cake.

Recommended summer camp programs:

ELI Abroad
Where There Be Dragons

4. Trekking

Are you one of those people who respond to “Take a hike!” with “Yes please!”? Then trekking is your adventure travel soul mate. So much of this big, beautiful world can only be reached by mountain trails and rugged foot paths. Whether you’re an experienced climber or just dipping your toes in the water, breathtaking (literally) trails around the world are calling you to put boots to dirt and hit the road.

Recommended trekking adventure travel programs:

Gapforce
Pure Exploration

5. Cycling

Let’s not reinvent the wheel. Sure, bikes have been around for ages (since 1817 Germany, in fact), but what makes cycling a fresh adventure activity is the constant stream of new paths to explore. From pleasant peddles through exotic valleys to downright extreme mountain biking, you can make your cycling adventure as wild or tame as you please.

Recommended cycling adventure travel programs:

Frontier
Travel for Teens

6. Canoeing

Just because you’re not Ariel, doesn’t mean your adventure has to stop at the shore. Canoeing takes you where you’re legs cannot. Want to take your canoeing adventure to the next level? Try canoe camping – like backpacking, only your canoe is your backpack; hope off the boat whenever it’s time to set up camp for the night.

Recommended canoeing adventure travel programs:

Stray
Broadreach

7. Kayaking

More than half of the body is water, so it’s only natural that travelers yearn to reconnect with their H20 roots. If you fancy buff arms, fresh air, and some rhythm in your adventure, you’ll love kayaking. Catch gnarly waves in a sea kayak, dodge swirling eddies in a river kayak, or chill out in a kayak on the lake. Any way you slice it, kayaking is a boatload of fun.

Recommended kayaking adventure travel programs:

ELI Abroad
Camp Europe

8. Dogsledding

We can all agree that dogs are man’s best friend. But, until you’ve frolicked in the snow with a pack of dashing pups, you’ll never know how far that friendship can go. Experience unique types of adventures in the freshest and powderiest of environments: snow. Just don’t get caught thinking it’ll be easy getting tugged around—dogsledding is surprisingly physically demanding!

Recommended dogsledding adventure travel programs:

Outward Bound
Nature Travels

9. Rock climbing

It’s the new millennia, and humans can scale cliffs now. #EPIC! Rock climbing is a great way to meet likeminded people and spend a glorious day outdoors on your travels. Go with a program provider to make sure you hit all of the best rocks in town. And while your hands are screaming halfway up, remember how amazing the view at the top will be!

Recommended rock climbing adventure travel programs:

BABILONIA
Global Works

10. Multi-adventure travel

Why choose one when you can have them all? If this is your motto (or you’re just indecisive), multi-adventure travel is the solution. Experience everything a destination has to offer by stacking many types of adventures on top of each other: kayak to the trailhead of a trek or participate in a cultural immersion program with a homestay. Bring it on!

Recommended multi-adventure travel programs:

Oyster Worldwide
Gap Xperience

Despite the plethora of on-demand options at your disposal, we offer these suggestions for why a trip to the cinema is still the best movie experience.

These days there are plenty of ways to watch films without schlepping to the movie theater, and lots of them are even legal. While we understand the appeal of curling up on the couch with your Netflix subscription, let’s be realistic—there are some experiences that you can only get within the walls of your local cinema. Here are the reasons we still plunk down our hard-earned cash to take in a new movie in the plush seats of a chilly, dark theater.

Avoid spoilers and be part of the conversation.


Let’s face it, social media has taken over the world such that no one can really keep a secret anymore, especially if that secret is something along the lines of “OMG, can you believe that [SPOILER] was the killer in [MOVIE YOU WERE TOTALLY GONNA SEE WHEN IT WAS AVAILABLE ON NETFLIX]?!?!?!” If you want to be party of the latest pop culture conversations with your pals, you actually have to consume the latest pop culture in a timely fashion, which, when it comes to movies, means you’re probably gonna have to leave the comfort of your couch on a Friday (or Thursday) evening.

Your home theater might be good, but it’s not that good.


Maybe you’ve dropped a small fortune on a 90-inch 3D TV, complete with surround sound and Blu-ray player, but there are some theater experiences that just can’t be replicated in a home theater. Spectacles like Gravity or the breathtaking skyscraper climb scene in Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol belong on a screen that will never be able to fit inside your house.

Movies are made to be seen in a theater.

A great film will always be amazing, no matter where and how you see it, but filmmakers always intend for their movies to be seen in a darkened theater, on that big screen where you can’t pause in the middle of the climactic scene just so you can go put your laundry in the dryer.

Food and drink options have gotten better.

Everyone loves to groan about the cost of movie snacks, but at least the choices have been improving. More theaters in the area are branching out from popcorn and nachos and including meal items like burgers, chicken fingers and fries as well as healthier options like prepackaged cups of hummus and pretzels. But who cares about food when you get enjoy a cocktail with your film? More and more area multiplexes have bars in the lobby where you can order a tasty beverage and take it into the theater with you.

You don’t have to stay up late for those midnight movies anymore.

Whether your nerd poison was Harry Potter, Lord of the Rings or Marvel-flavored, you know that gathering with a bunch of like-minded obsessives for the first screening of a highly-anticipated flick is a very special experience. People dress in costume, make special t-shirts and everyone who’s there has one thing in common: They really want to see this movie. There won’t be any mid-movie texting here. What there will be is a crowd of people hooting, hollering and going berserk at all the same fan-favorite moments you love. Simply put, it’s a lot of fun. And these days, you don’t have to worry about dragging your sleepy-eyed carcass into the office Friday morning because studios are now releasing these films on Thursday nights as early as 7pm. So you can geek out with having to worry about passing out the next day.

Support the types of movies you love and maybe more of them will get made?

The movie biz is just that, a business, and bigwigs in charge decide what movies to make based on what does well at the box office. So vote with your dollars and let them know what you like. If not, they’ll keep giving us new iterations of Teenage Mutant Transformer Rangers From Space.

It’s all about the shared experience.

When you watch a movie at the theater, you’re sharing it with everyone around you. There’s nothing quite like a room full of people laughing, crying or gasping at the same moments as they journey through a story together.